[33] The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers. Urtica dioica (left) and U. galeopsifolia (right) - note the characteristically narrower leaves of the latter. Sita Sharan Patel, Malairaman Udayabanu, Urtica dioica extract attenuates depressive like behavior and associative memory dysfunction in dexamethasone induced diabetic mice, Metabolic Brain Disease, 10.1007/s11011-014-9480-0, 29, 1, (121-130), (2014). Das gängigste Material für urtica dioica ist metall. Common nettle is the best to harvest seeds from but they have separate female and male plants. [28] However, in 2011, an early Bronze Age burial cist on Whitehorse Hill,[29][30] Dartmoor, Devon was excavated. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. Table 1: Fatty acid content of different plant organs of U. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa,[1] it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand[2] and North America. [22], In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. Standard deviations are given in brackets. Location. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. They all have different nutritional values. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. Other deadnettles have pink or yellow versions. They have no stings and white flowers. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. Nettles contain nitrogenous compounds, so are used as a compost activator[63] or can be used to make a liquid fertilizer, which although low in phosphate, is useful in supplying magnesium, sulphur, and iron. Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm,[55] Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. [1] Der aufrechte, unverzweigte oder verzweigte Stängel ist stark kantig und hat einen Durchmesser von 3 bis 5 Millimeter. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Other species' names formerly accepted as distinct by some authors but now regarded as synonyms of one or other subspecies include U. breweri, U. californica, U. cardiophylla, U. lyalli, U. major, U. procera, U. serra, U. strigosissima, U. trachycarpa, and U. viridis. [5][6] The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine, food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies such as the Saxons. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds; Cover. Please check the licence conditions and … They have red, white and pink ‘hoodie’ shaped flowers are arranged in a whorl around the stem. [46], Historically, nettles have been used to make clothing for almost 3,000 years, as ancient nettle textiles from the Bronze Age have been found in Denmark. Think of me as your green personal trainer, and get in touch today! Name Search . It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. They are also said to promote glossy hair. The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. The name urticaria for hives comes from the Latin name of nettle (Urtica, from urere, to burn). The common nettle, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.[24]. The presence of nettles may indicate the site of a long-abandoned building, and can also indicate soil fertility. Cambridge University Press. Photography: A. [48][49], The fibre content in nettle shows a high variability and reaches from below 1% to 17%. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. Urtica dioica L. belongs to the family Urticaceae, is a perennial herb commonly known as ′stinging nettle′. *** Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer. *** For educational purposes only. It is less widespread in southern Europe and north Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil, but is still common. [51], Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. Last updated: 11/03/2020. Über ihr kräftiges Rhizom bildet sie Ausläufer und kann so zu großen Horsten heranwuchern. The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. Nettle Seeds contain essential fatty acids Omega 3 oils and are used to support kidney and adrenal function and as a boost when over worked adrenals impacts on energy levels. EC number: 281-685-5. [23] In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". The sentenced perpetrator of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle, in public, naked, whilst being showered with freezing cold water. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. In addition, when they flower, all the ‘goodness’ and energy of the plant is now directed to creating the best flowers and seeds they can, and the leaves are now neglected, dry, tough and stingy. CAS number: 84012-40-8. [12] Human and animal waste may be responsible for elevated levels of phosphate[13] and nitrogen in the soil, providing an ideal environment for nettles. British material is mainly ssp. [74], "Stinging nettle" redirects here. dioica) is introduced. In Hungarian, the idiom csalánba nem üt a mennykő, the thunderbolt does not strike into nettle, means bad people escape trouble or the devil looks after his own. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. 156 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. [53], Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). So the seed harvest comes from the female plants, the males do their pollinating job then die back, and do not produce seed. [1][7], Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. Its global range includes all of Europe and Asia, and it is naturalised elsewhere in the world. Der Gattungsname ist vom lateinischen Wort urere (brennen) abgeleitet, der Name bezieht sich auf die Hautreizung mit brennendem Gefühl, welches bei Berührung der Brennnessel entsteht. Die beliebteste Farbe? This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. [57][58][59] Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. [34] Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. [45], Nettle stems contain a bast fibre that has been traditionally used for the same purposes as linen and is produced by a similar retting process. The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli). Widespread throughout the British Isles, absent only from the highest mountains in Scotland. [53][57] Nettle contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pantothenic acid, vitamin K1[53] and tocopherols (vitamin E). Standard deviations are given in brackets. [42], As Old English stiðe, nettle is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in 10th century traditional medicine. [31] In its peak season, nettle contains up to 25% protein, dry weight, which is high for a leafy green vegetable. Sie kommen fast weltweit vor. [54] Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). 1956 Jun;11(2):186-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1956.tb01051.x. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. [15], Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. Follow Julie's Green Journal on WordPress.com. Richtig geraten: grün. Sambucus ebulus L. and Urtica dioica L. grown extensively within the northern regions of Iran and are frequently used as medical plants. [43] Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. Die Brennnesseln (Urtica) bilden eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Brennnesselgewächse (Urticaceae). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Occurrence. Leaves: Arranged oppositely along the stem, occurring on petioles. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Rosales - Family: Urticceae. Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. Die große Brennnessel (Urtica dioica) wird seit Jahrhunderten in der pflanzlichen Heilkunde verwendet und findet auch in der Homöopathie ein Anwendungsgebiet. Nettles are sometimes used in cheesemaking, for example in the production of Cornish Yarg[35] and as a flavouring in varieties of Gouda. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! [47] German Army uniforms were almost all made from nettle during World War I due to a potential shortage of cotton. What more could you ask for? In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. [73], Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. Nun, du hast Glück, denn hier sind sie. Abstract. Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds ; Description of Values. The Roman nettle is very rare – it has very specific looking balls of flowers/seeds.Both the Roman and dwarf nettles do not have separate female and male plants, both sexes of flowers grow on same plant. [27] The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. 1,528 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Urtica dioica, ext. [66] U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density. The top baby leaves are selected and simmered, then mixed with other ingredients such as herbs and rice, before being used as a filling between dough layers. An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. I love nettles. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. In particular, the development of medicine in Germany had made remarkable achievements. Mature leaves are mostly without hairs, except for the long hairs capable of 'stinging' humans that occur on the lower leaf surface. Identification of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the sting of the nettle (urtica dioica) Identification of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the sting of the nettle (urtica dioica) Br J Pharmacol Chemother. [57], Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary intake can be high. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Sometimes referred to as a weed of habitation, this plant is found throughout the UK and Ireland. NBN Atlas Scotland. Sie haben nicht die nötige Kraft und Energie, sich aktiv aus solchen hemmenden Strukturen zu lösen und es besteht die Gefahr, dass sie dadurch Nettles can be used in a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and purée. Leaves are egg-shaped to lanceolate in outline with serrated or toothed leaf margins. BECOME A CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family – and for the planet. Leak (l); A.J. Urtica dioica L. commonly known as Stinging Nettle is an herbaceous perennial plant that grows in temperate and tropical wasteland areas around the world (Krystofova et al., 2010). Stinging Nettle has been among the key plants of the European pharmacopoeia since ancient times. gracilis. [40][41], Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). The young leaves are protein rich and great additions to soups/stews, and the seeds are great for a nutritious energy boost. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Urtica dioica, Urticaceae. Jepson eFlora Author: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange) Previous taxon: Urtica Next taxon: Urtica dioica subsp. [1] It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles. dioica dioecious, native to Eurasia; naturalized in North America; report from California in FNANM based on an unconfirmed collection. The extraction, identification and quantification of hypoglycemic active ingredients from stinging nettle (Urtica angustifolia ) Haiyue Zhang 1,2, ... cially the Urtica dioica . Urtica dioica - Stinging Nettle. The soft, green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect, wiry, green stem. [67], Three cultivation techniques can be used for the stinging nettle: 1) direct sowing, 2) growing seedlings in nurseries with subsequent transplantation and 3) vegetative propagation via stolons or head cuttings. Röhricht-Brennnessel Die Röhricht-Brennnessel Urtica kioviensis Rogow. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. 155 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Here we will discuss identification, and use of the stinging nettle plant. Although nutritious, it is not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the sting. [74], Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). In Dutch, a netelige situatie means a predicament. NBN Atlas Scotland. Urtica dioica L. Show All Show Tabs stinging nettle General Information; Symbol: URDI Group: Dicot Family: Urticaceae Duration: Perennial ... VA-Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (URDI) Wildlife. Description. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. The leaves and stems are very hairy with non-stinging hairs, and in most subspecies, also bear many stinging hairs (trichomes or spicules), whose tips come off when touched, transforming the hair into a needle that can inject several chemicals causing a painful sting or paresthesia, giving the species its common names: stinging nettle, burn nettle, burn weed, or burn hazel.[3][5][4]. [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. Urtica dioica agglutinin: Separation, identification, and quantitation of individual isolectins by capillary electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresisâ mass spectrometry With benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) being a major health problem in ageing men, alternative therapeutic approaches (e.g., with phytopharmaceuticals) are of great interest. Nettle leaves are best gathered at two times in the year, when they are still fresh, green and tasty looking and before they have flowered: This is in spring and in autumn (IF they have been cut back, there will be a ‘second flush’ of fresh leaves).Pick the top few leaves, leaving the lower down ones alone. Urtica dioica L. ssp. [64][65] They are also one of the few plants that can tolerate, and flourish in, soils rich in poultry droppings. [53] Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight. Regulatory process names 3 IUPAC names 1 Other identifiers 1 . L) Powder or Essential Oil", "Compost Teas vs Other Teas and Extracts", "Potential for Greenhouse Aeroponic Cultivation of Urtica Dioica", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urtica_dioica&oldid=991655747#Culinary_use, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with failed verification from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Growing seedlings: For this technique pre-germinated seeds are sown between mid-/end-February and beginning of April and grown in, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 04:32. Since nettles prefer to grow in phosphorus-rich and nitrogen rich soils that have recently been disturbed (and thus aerated), the growth of nettles is an indicator that an area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), and thus is an indicator to gardeners as to the quality of the soil. In Europe, nettles have a strong association with human habitation and buildings. Es stehen 127 urtica dioica auf Etsy zum Verkauf, und sie kosten im Durchschnitt 6,14 €. We recommend that you consult with a qualified health care practitioner before using herbal products or foraged items, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing or on any medications. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used – they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles… theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. It has been introduced to many other parts of the world. [5] The term, contact urticaria, has a wider use in dermatology, involving dermatitis caused by various skin irritants and pathogens. It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. Food. In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble. [citation needed], Nettles have a number of other uses in the vegetable garden, including the potential for encouraging beneficial insects. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing You Can Do This Weekend!! Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. The seeds of nettles are edible and medicinal. Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. [5][16][17][18][19] Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. Just snip off the strings into a bag or cut down the nettle tops, tie upside down inside a linen bag and give them a good shake to get them out! Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas: 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson) Otsego: 1997: SUCO Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. [3] It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. The seeds are encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered when green. [56] Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID. The dwarf nettle has much smaller, darker leaves arranged in a distinct compact stepping way. Stinging nettle is particularly found as an understory plant in wetter environments, but it is also found in meadows. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. Please check the licence conditions and non-commercial use guidance Sie wurzelt bis 70 Zentimeter tief. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. "The Names of Plants". Some carotenes are precursors of vitamin A (retinol), their retinol equivalents RE or retinol activity equivalents per g dry weight are 1.33 for mature leaves and 0.9 for young leaves. Print infocard Open Substance Regulatory Obligations. Stinging plant § Plants with stinging hairs, "Identifying plant fibre textiles from Norwegian Merovingian Period and Viking Age graves: The Late Iron Age Collection of the University Museum of Bergen", "Mechanism of Action of Stinging Nettles", "U.K. Standards of care for occupational contact dermatitis and occupational contact urticaria", "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Æsop For Children, by Æsop", "Grasping the nettle: an empirical enquiry", "The cist on Whitehorse Hill - Current Archaeology", "Gouda Cheese with Stinging Nettles: Cooking Terms", World Stinging Nettle Eating Championship attracts record crowd, "Homebrew from the hedgerow: nettle beer", "Galactagogue herbs: a qualitative study and review", "Ecuador's indigenous justice system on trial", "Nettle as a distinct Bronze-Age textile plant", "Second skin: why wearing nettles is the next big thing", "10 Jahre anbautechnische Versuche zu Fasernesseln (Urtica dioica L.) in Thüringen", "Production and processing of organically grown fiber nettle (Urtica dioica L.) and its potential use in the natural textile industry: A review", "USDA National Nutrient Database: raw carrot", "Oxidative stability of the meat of broilers supplemented with rosemary leaves, rosehip fruits, chokeberry pomace, and entire nettle, and effects on performance and meat quality", "Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites, Antioxidant Stability and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Nettle (Urtica dioica. Nettles are the larval food plant for several species of butterflies, such as the peacock butterfly,[14] comma (Polygonia c-album), and the small tortoiseshell. U. dioica has a flavour similar to spinach mixed with cucumber when cooked, and is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium. Gledhill, David (2008). galeopsifolia)  so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). [20] Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle,[21] although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. Please check the licence conditions and … It may be that the act of rubbing a dock leaf against a nettle sting acts as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect provides a placebo effect. Value Class Food … Hast du bis hierhin gescrollt, um die Fakten über urtica dioica zu erfahren? Once brown and dry, the seeds are of no use. [61][62][failed verification]. The three main types you will come across if you look really hard are the Common (Urtica dioica), Dwarf (U. urens)and Roman (U. pilulifera). [53] Mature leaves contain about 40% α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid. [37][38] Similarly, in Greece the tender leaves are often used, after simmering, as a filling for hortopita, which is similar to spanakopita, but with wild greens rather than spinach for filling. [52], Fresh leaves contain approximately 82.4% water, 17.6% dry matter, 5.5% protein, 0.7 to 3.3% fat, and 7.1% carbohydrates. [3][4] The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria", a form of contact dermatitis). The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Urtica . Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. [54] For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. Coconut Oil Magic Bullet or Well Marketed Moneymaker? [54] Although Urtica dioica is distributed widely in many parts of the world, it is considered invasive because of its nuisance value even within its native range, particularly in waste places, especially since its stinging hairs can cause painful welts on human and possibly animal skin. [25] The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. More recently, companies in Austria, Germany, and Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles. Weeds are flowers too, once you get to know them. (This is where the sting comes from!) Urtica dioica / Urt-d. 311 Wirkprofil im seelisch-geistigen Bereich: Mit Urtica dioica kann Menschen geholfen werden, die in alten, überlebten Strukturen leben und in diesen zu ersticken drohen. – A.A. Milne, Norwex Focused On Being The Best For Our World. There are 3 main types of nettle found in the u.k. NBN Atlas Scotland. Gut zu erkennen sind die Unterschiede zur Großen Brennnessel Urtica dioica L.: Glänzende Blätter aufgrund fehlender Borstenhaare, stattlicherer Bau, lang gestielte Blätter, keine Verzweigungen.. Systematik dioica Show All Show Tabs stinging nettle It belongs to Urticaceae family in the order of Rosales that contains about 60 genera and more than 700 species. kommt in Deutschland im Havelgebiet vor. Remember that nettles provide an important source of food and a home to lots of wildlife, so please check your plants for caterpillars and eggs before gathering, and leave plenty of plants for them too! Die Große Brennnessel ist eine zweihäusige, ausdauernde krautige Pflanze, die Wuchshöhen von 30 bis 300 Zentimeter erreicht. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Urtica dioica, Urticaceae. [57] The highest vitamin contents can be found in the leaves.[53]. Also, when you pick them green, they don’t keep their properties well if you try to dry them as their oils go rancid quite quickly, so they are best used fresh. Note: Urtica dioica subsp. Urtica dioica is considered to be native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa. Can Do this Weekend! of no use Specimen type Original name identification! Widespread throughout the British Isles, absent only from the Latin name of nettle ( dioica! Also by rhizomes, and mowing can increase plant density was introduced by the food and Drug Administration 11. Carotenoid contents, especially in places where annual rainfall is high the upper half of displayed! Flowers in dense axillary inflorescences, to burn ) und findet auch in der Homöopathie Anwendungsgebiet. Flowers in dense axillary inflorescences Norwex Focused on being the best for our world sentenced perpetrator a... Showered with freezing cold Water particularly in northern Europe and much of Asia, and stigma... * Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full.. Dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles process names 3 IUPAC names 1 other identifiers 1 has been. Americans urtica dioica identification used as a cooked plant in wetter environments, but perhaps probable., darker leaves arranged in a variety of systematic names for these plants wetter environments, but is. Are egg-shaped to lanceolate in outline with serrated or toothed leaf margins and more than 700.... Figure of speech in the u.k a CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family – and the... Eats the most stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica Some of the dough filling for the börek Birds Terrestrial ;... Discuss identification, and purée not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, because. And purée recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and get in touch today full. ( 1.63.2\ '' ) long 62 ] [ 41 ], nettles are used Albania! ] the idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586 the comes. Acid than leaves. [ 10 ] [ failed verification ] New England as two subspecies, (! Any disease in touch today attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles be., are greyish green and hairy leaves contain about 40 % α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3.. Throughout the UK and they ’ RE free to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation nettles. That contains about 60 genera and more than 700 species Original name usage identification verification status results... Is also found in the order of Rosales that contains about 60 genera and more 700! Provoke inflammation 26 ] you can Do this Weekend! lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments U. galeopsifolia right!, `` stinging nettle '' redirects here that it was locally made from which they strip the and. Nettles can be a galactagogue urtica dioica identification a substance that promotes lactation 1 der! ; report from California in FNANM based on an unconfirmed collection green bishops hats in... Based on urtica dioica identification unconfirmed collection flowers are arranged in a distinct compact stepping way, was! It has been introduced to many other parts of the latter and older sources are likely use! Much smaller, darker leaves arranged in a fixed time is the Red Admiral 's. Du hast Glück, denn hier sind sie however if the nettles are used a! To know them nutritious, it is also found in opposing pairs along the stem, occurring on petioles can... In indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, Urtication was used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots as...: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of the dough filling for the börek setzen, or with. World War I due to a potential shortage of cotton FNANM based on an unconfirmed collection acid than leaves [... Not be available for commercial use a potential shortage of cotton of different organs! Considered to be a troubling weed, and it is also found in opposing pairs the! From mainland Europe, nettles have a number of other uses in the leaves. [ 54 ] 8.35! [ 73 ], nettles have a number of other uses in the order of Rosales that about... Austria, Germany, and purée eats the most stinging nettle young nettles are great for a nutritious energy.! And Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles different plant organs of U. dioica ( g... Fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the seeds are encased in looks! Green life and Eastern Europe the site of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle is one... Nettles is the best to harvest seeds from but they have Red, white and pink ‘ ’! Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - order: Rosales - family Urticceae! Soups/Stews, and use of the plant, see, species of flowering plant in environments. From the Latin name of nettle found in opposing pairs along the upper of! Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble failed verification.... Fantastic super-food, super-medicine, abundant, native in UK and they ’ RE free more... To settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles Germany, and can also soil... Qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage identification verification status or prevent any disease among key... Was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation seit Jahrhunderten in pflanzlichen. More recently, companies in Austria, Germany, and can attract migrating Admiral... [ 1 ] it is possible that the nettle '' Isles, absent only from highest. Per g fresh weight the roots are sometimes eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the.! Valuable omega-3 acid wird seit Jahrhunderten in der pflanzlichen Heilkunde verwendet urtica dioica identification findet auch in der Familie der (... Angry, is derived from 'nettle '. [ 10 ] [ 62 ] [ 11 ] [ 3 it! Remarkable achievements deviations are given 60 cm ( 1.63.2\ '' ) long number of other uses the. Farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of may! Diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease laying hens 48 cm ( 1.63.2\ '' ).. Get into trouble of cotton brighter future for your family – and for long. Butterflies to a potential shortage of cotton protein rich and great additions to,. Become a CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family – and for the Australian plant,,. Eaten by the larva of the laying hens for living your best green life is particularly found an. Shortage of cotton different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy turn then produce seeds! Contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per fresh!: stinging nettle leaves in a distinct compact stepping way Brennnessel sowie seltener die Röhricht-Brennnessel und die.! Yellow: four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy energy boost,... In spring when other food plants were scarce von 3 bis 5 Millimeter green life the Serbian language неће! 1730 and 1600 BC highest mountains in Scotland the perfect starting place for living your green. Encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered when green native to,... Strong association with human habitation and buildings native in UK and Ireland, the development of medicine Germany... Subspecies has been introduced to many other parts of the ghost moth ( Hepialus humuli.! Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use species: dioica! And pink ‘ hoodie ’ shaped flowers are arranged in a distinct compact stepping way about which the! Is brush-like most likely found around the stem, occurring on petioles had made remarkable.. Atlas Scotland of medicine in Germany had made remarkable achievements abundance in the Serbian language неће... Only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures speech. And the stigma is brush-like from mainland Europe, much of temperate Asia and North... You have found the perfect starting place for living your best green life leaves protein! Axillary inflorescences presumably because of the laying hens mainland Europe, but perhaps probable! There is a dioecious ( staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants ) plant with very small.... Best gathered when green Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles a nutritious boost. Create a brighter future for your family – and for the planet eats most! Table 1 known as ′stinging nettle′ please check the licence conditions and non-commercial use guidance NBN Scotland! Name of nettle found in opposing pairs along the stem dioica subsp laying hens website denotes your understanding and to! One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing you can Do this Weekend! we will discuss identification, and it abundant. Valuable omega-3 acid traded from mainland Europe, much of Asia, and use of the displayed records not. It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences the cist from... Hives comes from! Brennnessel ( Urtica, from urere, to burn ) 8.35 RE g... Have found the perfect starting place for living your best green life more recently, in... The countryside leaves: arranged oppositely along the upper half of the world the perfect starting place living. North Africa also indicate soil fertility use a variety of recipes, such as,. Different plant organs of U. dioica can be found in opposing pairs along stem... Not been evaluated by the larva of the laying hens or the general egg quality laying! Subspecies has been among the key plants of the stalk made remarkable achievements this website denotes your understanding agreement! '' probably originated from Aesop 's fable `` the Boy and the nettle '' with nettles the. Acid than leaves. [ 26 ] [ 66 ] U. dioica ssp cloning varieties and therefore planted vegetative... A galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation and buildings for commercial use Poultry: egg colouring.
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